We will write down here few things about dhikr. What we summarize from some explanations of some Islamic scholars.
The Meanings of dhikr
The word dhikr in the Quran has many meanings. It means:
- al Qur’an itself
- Reading al Qur’an
- Prayer (salah)
- Learning and teaching Islamic knowledge
- Invocation of Allah with the tongue according to one of the formulas taught by the Prophet or any other formula;
- Remembrance of Allah in the heart, or in both the heart and the tongue.
The last two meanings must be the focus. Because reading Quran, doing prayer, learning Islam, all these actions must invoke Allah’s name and make us remember to Allah.
Seven aspects of dhikr
There are seven parts of ourself that involve with dhikr, they are:
- eyes, which consists in weeping (buka’);
- ears, which consists in listening (isgha’);
- tongue, which consists in praise (thana’);
- hands, which consists in giving (ata’);
- body, which consists in loyalty (wafa’);
- heart, which consists in fear and hope (kawf wa raja’);
- spirit, which consists of utter submission and acceptance (taslim wa rida’).
The virtues of dhikr
Ibn Qayyim himself wrote a book, al-Wabil al-sayyib, on the virtues of dhikr, where he lists more than one hundred such virtues, among them:
- It induces love for Allah.
- Dhikr involves muraqaba or meditation
- The gatherings for dhikr (remembering Allah) are gatherings of angels, and gatherings without dhikr are gatherings of Satan.
- The person doing dhikr is blessed, as also the person sitting next to him.
- In spite of the fact that dhikr is the easiest form of worship, yet it is the most virtuous form.
- Dhikr is a form of sadaqa (charity), means that it is like charity in reward.
Allah ﷻ says:
فَاذْكُرُونِي أَذْكُرْكُمْ وَاشْكُرُوا لِي وَلَا تَكْفُرُونِ
“Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying, etc). I will remember you, and be grateful to Me and never be ungrateful to Me” [Al-Baqarah 2:152].
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