What is the law of raising dogs? Does touching the dog make our hands break? And how to clean the containers licked by him?
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih Al-Uthaymeen replied:
Maintaining a dog is not permitted except for a number of purposes which are granted by the Shari’a. Prophet Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam gave concessions to keep dogs for 3 purposes:
- Dogs to guard farm animals from lion or wolf attacks
- Dogs to guard the fields
- Dogs to hunt animal when you need the meat
These are the three types of dogs that were given relief by the Prophet sallallaahu’alaihi Wasallam to maintain them. Besides these three types, it is not allowed.
Therefore, the house in the middle of the city, there is no need to keep a guard dog. So keeping a dog for this purpose includes those that are not allowed and makes the owner decrease and continue to reward one qirath or two qiraths every day. So they should release the dog and not keep it.
Whereas if the house is in an area that is quiet, there are no houses in the vicinity, then it is possible to maintain a guard dog to guard the house and its inhabitants. And keeping the occupants of this house in a state of emergency is more emergency than keeping cattle and fields.
As for touching a dog, if it is not in a humid state then it does not defile the hands. But if it is humid then it defiles in the opinion of many scholars. And it is obligatory to wash it seven times, one of them with soil.
The containers licked by him (ie those used for drinking dogs) are obliged to wash them seven times, one of them with soil. As with the hadith in Shahihain and in other hadith books, from the hadith of Abu Hurairah radhiallahu’anhu, the Prophet Shallallahu’alaihi Wasallam said:
إذا ولغ الكلب في إناء أحدكم فليغسله سبعاً إحداها بالتراب
“If the dog licks on your vessel, wash it seven times and one with the ground.”
And the best, use soil in the first wash. Wallahu a’lam.